International Adoption from LATVIA

There are a few HIV positive waiting children in Latvia who are available for international adoption. Latvia is an Eastern European country between Lithuania, Estonia, Russia and Belarus across the Baltic Sea from Sweden. It is a Hague country. Parents are required to travel for 1 to 2 weeks and rent an apartment where the child comes to live with you for a bonding period. If the referral is not suitable, you can request another. Once a referral is accepted, there is a court hearing, followed by a 20 day waiting period, during which you can fly home or wait in country. Total travel time is 5-6 weeks if you stay in Latvia, or you can make 2 trips. Dossiers for special needs children are given priority. The children are aged 1-16.  Most adoptions take 12-18 months. Typically it takes 3-5 months for document preparation, then 1-2 months to be registered in Latvia. Unrelated children can be adopted simultaneously. Requirements:

Age Requirements: The adoptive parent should be at least 25 years old, and at least 18 years older than the child.

Marriage Requirements: Single men and women are allowed, as well as married couples.

More information about the process:

Agencies: The following agencies have advocated for HIV+ children waiting in Latvia:

Other American adoption agencies working in Latvia include:

One World Adoption Services, All Blessings International, CCAI Adoption ServicesWorld Links Association, and Nightlight Christian Adoptions

For people outside the United States, wishing to adopt a Latvian child, first try to find an adoption agency in your country which processes Latvian adoptions. If there aren’t any, try contacting the authority via a translator:

Latvian Adoption Authority
Adoption Division, Department of Out-of-Family Care
Ministry of Welfare
28 Skolas St., Riga, Latvia, LV-1010
Tel: 371-6702-1600
Fax: 371-6727-6445

International Adoption from ETHIOPIA

There are HIV positive orphans waiting in Ethiopia. See the Adoption Stories page to see many wonderful children who are now home with their families in America, or in the process of being adopted. The program is now a 2 trip process in the $30K range which often takes longer than one year.

It is rare for a child under 3 to be waiting for adoption. There is a waiting list of adoptive parents hoping to adopt HIV+ babies and toddlers from Ethiopia. This is a great program for PAPs interested in adopting preschool and school age children. You will find information on this site about children waiting in Ethiopia by visiting the Waiting Children page.

The most experienced agency placing HIV+ children in families is Adoption Advocates International (AAI) and there are several other agencies as well – click and scroll down to Adoption Agencies.

Yahoo groups include Single Adopt Ethiopia and Adopt Ethiopia.

Requirements according to Adoption.State.Gov, and AAI.

Age Requirements: If single, the prospective adoptive parent must be at least 25 years of age.  If married, there is no minimum age. There also is no maximum age limit for adoptive parents (according to the US Dept of State). The max age of 43 can be flexible for those adopting HIV+ children (according to AAI).

Marriage Requirements: Single persons may adopt HIV+ children.

Other Requirements: No restrictions on family size.

International Adoption from INDIA

There are many HIV positive orphans in India. Here is an adoption story and the same family is featured here.

Adoption agencies include Children’s Home | LSSIllien Adoptions, America World AdoptionChildren’s House International and Holt International. In Canada, contact Children’s Bridge.

Here is the link to the yahoo group for adoption from India.  Here is the link to the yahoo group for single parents adopting from India. One family adopted a 2 year old girl from the Naz Foundation Care Home and the care was excellent.

Requirements according to Adoption.State.Gov and Rainbow Kids

Age Requirements: Applicants must be at least 30 years of age and not more than 55. Married couples must have a combined age of 90 years or less if adopting an infant. The age of any one of the PAPs should not exceed 55 years (although US Dept of State says this is flexible for children with special needs). Single parents up to age 45 can adopt (according to US Dept of State). PAPs should be 21 years older than the child.

Marriage Requirements: A married couple that has been in a stable relationship for at least 5 years.  Single persons may adopt. LGBT individuals and couples welcome. According the US Dept of State, singles should not be widowed or divorced, but these requirements aren’t listed on the other 2 sites.

Other Requirements: No more than 3 children in the home.

Contact the agency to find out if any of these eligibility requirements are flexible for children with HIV.

Travel: Usually 3-5 days.

The Children: Infants to Pre-teens.

US Embassy in India

Central Adoption Resource Authority in India and eligibility requirements

International Adoption from UKRAINE

There are many HIV positive children aged 5 and older waiting to be adopted in Ukraine. Here is one adoption story.

Adoptions can be processed with an agency or independently although independent adoption with a facilitator seems to be the popular route for HIV+ adoptions.

Reece’s Rainbow has some adoption photolistings.

Here is the link to the Adoption From Ukraine support group. You will also find lots of great information at

Requirements according to Adoption.State.GovFRUA and Reece’s Rainbow:

Age Requirements: Applicants must be at least 21 years of age (according to US State Dept) OR 23 years of age (according to FRUA) and there is no upper age limit. If only one of the adoptive parents complies with these age requirements, the adoption can be completed in the eligible parent’s name only. Prior divorce is acceptable and there are no restrictions on the number of children already living in the home.

Marriage Requirements: Heterosexual married couples only.

Other Requirements: According to Reece’s Rainbow, adoptive parents must have no history of mental health conditions or infectious diseases and no criminal history.

Travel: Both parents travel for 2 1/2 weeks to attend court, then both parents return home for 3 weeks. Only one parent must return to complete the adoption, approximately 14 days.  Or, you can do 1-trip option and expect to be in Ukraine about 31 days. If desired, one parent can come home early.

The Children: For HIV adoptions, children are aged 5 to 15 years at time of referral. Younger child adoptions are not currently allowed for children with HIV. Multiple unrelated children can be adopted at the same time.

Timeline: This is one of the faster international adoption programs, ranging from 6-12 months depending how quickly you complete your dossier.

International Adoption from THAILAND

special needs adoption from thailand

Adoption Advocates International (AAI) has placed HIV positive children from Thailand.  Children’s Home Society and Family Services (CHSFS) is also placing HIV+ children from Thailand (see this blog post). Try contacting Lisa.

Here is the link to the Yahoo Thailand Adoption support group.

Requirements according to Adoption.State.Gov and Rainbow Kids:

Age Requirements: Applicants must be at least 25 years of age and not encouraged older than 55.

Marriage Requirements: Married couples with no more than 2 divorces between them who have been married 3 years or longer. Single people may apply and will be considered on a case by case basis.

Travel: Both parents must travel to complete the adoption process. Parents must be prepared to stay approximately 10 days.

The Children: Aged 18 months – 12 years. It is not possible to apply for more than one child at a time, except for twins and siblings.

The Orphanages: Nikki’s Place / Agape Home and Home of the Open Heart

International Adoption from GHANA

Special needs adoption from Ghana

Adoption Advocates International (AAI) has placed HIV positive children from Ghana. Anita is the Ghana coordinator for AAI and her daughter has recently come home. She can be reached at: She may be able to provide you with adoption photolistings and costs involved.

Independent adoptions are also possible. You can contact the Beacon House orphanage:, as this orphanage has HIV+ children in need of adoptive families. The fees for an independent adoption with Beacon House range from $6700-$7800 (as of 2010 –  includes orphanage donation, attorney’s fees, visa medical) plus the costs of homestudy, USCIS, documents, travel and accommodation.

Requirements according to Adoption.State.Gov and Rainbow Kids:

Age Requirements: Applicants must be at least 25 years of age and at least 21 years older than the child. Couples over 50 cannot adopt from Ghana.

Marriage Requirements: Married couples preferred although single women are welcome to adopt HIV+ children. Previous divorce is allowed.

Other Requirements: Applicants must be of sound mind and must undergo a medical exam as part of the pre-approval process. Parents with health issues and disabilities may adopt as long as your doctor will support your decision to adopt. AAI is reporting that larger families can adopt children with HIV. Parents with more than 6 children may apply on a case by case basis for special permission from Social Welfare.

Travel: There are several travel options with this program. Families may either make two trips 4-6 weeks apart, one short trip with escort, or one longer (2-3 week) trip. Full escort is also available.

Timeline: The process generally takes about 7-12 months from the time a child is identified (for Americans adopting).

*Update – as of May 2013, the Ghana program closed temporarily. Check for current information* 

International Adoption from COLOMBIA

There are several HIV positive waiting children in Colombia (not Columbia) who are available for international adoption through CHLSSAdopolis, La Vida and other agencies. This is a great program for people interested in adopting from Central America, South America, Latin America, etc. Requirements according to Adoption.State.Gov and the agency:

Age Requirements: Both parents are required to be 25 years old, and the agency recommends no older than 55.

Marriage Requirements: Colombian law allows adoptions by a married man and woman and common law spouses of more than three years. Single men and women are only allowed to adopt children over the age of seven, or who have special needs. No more than one divorce per applicant. [Update, as of April 2016, gay marriage is now legal in Colombia which may mean that LGBT individuals and couples will be able to adopt – ask an agency]

Other Requirements: No history of physical or mental diagnosis, and no history of criminal incidents.

See also AdoptColombia Yahoo Group